Basic Guide the Culture of Hostas
Where to Plant
Most hostas do best in shade or partial shade. They will tolerate
morning sun but not hot afternoon sun.
Any good garden soil is appropriate for growing hostas. Humus or peat moss and sand
should be added to heavy clay soil. Compost must be incorporated into sandy soil to
lessen its porousness and to increase water retention.
Hostas should be planted in well-drained soil. One method of achieving adequate drainage
in problem areas is to prepare a raised bed 3 to 6 inches above ground level.
Hostas grow well at the base of most trees. Try to avoid nut trees as hostas and nut trees
don't mix well.
When to Plant
Hostas do well if planted in the spring before the soil temperature
reaches 65 degrees. In the fall you need to plant 4 weeks prior to the ground freezing
to alleviate heaving.
How to Plant
If you cannot plant immediately after receiving these plants, place
them in a cool location, your refrigerator vegetable drawer is best. Keep the roots moist.
BEFORE planting we suggest that you soak in water 4-6 hours.
We suggest that you work the soil 8-10 inches deep, into a good loose condition. Incorporate
into the hole a mixture of good garden soil and compost. Make a mound in the center of the hole,
and place the plant on top of the mound spreading the roots around the mound. The crown of the
plant should be placed at ground level. Work the soil around the roots as you cover the plant.
Be sure to pack the soil well. Water well. Hosta requires water every three to four days for the
first two weeks and then at least an inch of rain a week.
Hostas should be planted between 18 inches and two feet apart on each side. Some varieties multiply
very fast, and the clumps will become crowded if planted too close.
I do not divide my hostas until they have grown very large and the center begins to die out. I like
large clumps and showy foliage. If you like smaller clumps divide more often.